What’s the Difference Between Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Olmec?

The Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Olmec civilizations were all great ancient civilizations that flourished in Mesoamerica.

Though they had many similarities, there were also some important differences between them.

Aztec

The Aztec civilization was centered around the city of Tenochtitlan, which was located in present-day Mexico City.

The Aztecs were a warlike people and conquered much of Mesoamerica, making Tenochtitlan one of the largest and most powerful cities in the world.

The Aztecs had a complex social hierarchy and developed a system of writing using hieroglyphics.

They also built great temples and monuments, such as the Temple of Quetzalcoatl.

Maya

The Maya civilization was located in present-day Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras.

The Maya were a peaceful people who developed an extensive system of trade.

They also had a complex social hierarchy and developed a system of writing using hieroglyphics.

The Maya were great architects and builders, and constructed many magnificent temples and monuments, such as the Temple of the Inscriptions.

Inca

The Inca civilization was centered around the city of Cusco, which was located in present-day Peru.

The Inca were a warlike people who conquered much of South America, making Cusco one of the largest and most powerful cities in the world.

The Inca had a complex social hierarchy and developed a system of writing using quipu knots.

They also built great temples and monuments, such as the Temple of the Sun.

Olmec

The Olmec civilization was located in present-day Mexico.

The Olmec were a peaceful people who developed an extensive system of trade.

They also had a complex social hierarchy and developed a system of writing using hieroglyphics.

The Olmec were great architects and builders, and constructed many magnificent temples and monuments, such as the Temple of La Venta.

Aztec vs. Maya vs. Inca vs. Olmec

As you can see, there were both similarities and differences between the Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Olmec civilizations.

All four civilizations were great ancient civilizations that flourished in Mesoamerica.

They all had complex social hierarchies and developed systems of writing using hieroglyphics or quipu knots.

They were also all great architects and builders, constructing many magnificent temples and monuments.

The main differences between the four civilizations were their locations and their attitudes towards warfare.

The Aztec and Inca civilizations were located in present-day Mexico and Peru, respectively, while the Maya and Olmec civilizations were located in present-day Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras.

The Aztec and Inca were both warlike peoples who conquered much of Mesoamerica and South America, respectively, while the Maya and Olmec were both peaceful peoples who developed extensive systems of trade.

So, what’s the difference between Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Olmec?

The main differences are their locations and their attitudes towards warfare.

The Aztec and Inca were both warlike peoples who conquered much of Mesoamerica and South America, respectively, while the Maya and Olmec were both peaceful peoples who developed extensive systems of trade.

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